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The water buffalo was intorudced to Australia in the eraly 19th Century. As a feral animal in the country and cen be found in Arnhem land and the Top End. Living primarily in freshwater billabongs and marshes, the adult water buffalo can range in size from 300-600kg.
In the wild, females can weigh up to 800kg, and 1200kg for the males. Up to 1.8m in height, the male is considerably larger than the female. Spending most of the day submerged in water, they have wide-splayed hoofed feet to prevent them from sinking into the marsh, and to allow them to move around the wetlands and swamps. The water buffalo feeds on grass and herbs as well as aquatic plants in the wetlands.
The female water buffalo are able to produce calves every second year. Young bulls travel in herds of approximately 30 buffalo for their first three years.